Paint Walls and Ceilingsadmin
Paint Walls and Ceilings
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When it’s done properly, a fresh coat of paint can make a world of difference to a room and how you feel when you’re in there. Once you’ve prepared the walls – make sure the surfaces are smooth, the furniture is protected and any edges covered with masking tape, you’re ready to go.
Before you begin, mix the paint thoroughly because even if you’ve only left it sitting for a day or two – the tint can start to separate. Stir until there are no thick bits in the bottom.If you have a long narrow room, you can make it seem wider by painting the ends a few shades lighter than the side walls.
Brush or roller?
You’ll probably need both. For large sections of flat surface – a plaster wall or a ceiling – use a roller. You’ll usually need a brush, or a cutting in tool, to get into corners or around the edges of window frames. If you’re painting weatherboards, or areas that have decorative surfaces – like a ceiling rose – a good brush is your best bet. When buying a brush, push the bristles with your hand. A good brush will feel springy in your hand – and will have no gaps in the bristles. Your choice of roller depends on the surface you’re painting on, and the paint you’re using. For a smooth or high gloss look, choose a smoother roller – one with a short (5-7mm) nap. For slightly rough surfaces or low sheen paint, choose a medium roller – an 8-12mm nap. For rough surfaces, and some special finishes, you’ll need a roller with a long nap (20mm or more) for rough surfaces.
When using a brush
Hold the brush so you can control the pressure of the bristles against the wall and apply only enough pressure to support it with your fingertips. You only need to dip half the bristles – this avoids over-painting and drips. Gently remove excess paint with a gentle wipe on the inside lip of the can. Paint with light short strokes – try and make the coat as even as possible. Once you’ve finished an area, softly stroke the surface in a uniform direction. This helps give you a smooth finish. If you’re simply taking an hour or two’s rest from painting, wrap your brush or roller in a plastic bag or cling film to keep it moist and ready to be used again. For longer breaks, clean up completely or put your wrapped paint tools in the fridge to stop the paint drying.
When using a roller
You want to get the paint into the nap of the roller – this helps ensure you get a smooth even finish. Pour paint into a paint tray, dip the roller in the paint , then roll it back and forth on the flat corrugated end of the tray. You don’t need heaps of paint on the roller. This can make it difficult to get a smooth finish and it’ll splatter if you roll too quickly.
What is ‘cutting in’?
Cutting in is simply using finer brushwork, or a cutting-in pad to ease the paint into a corner or along a straight line.
You can use expanding foam filler – cans of this are available from Masters Home Improvement – or glue a small piece of wood, cut to size, leaving a slight rebate from the surface of the wall. Once it’s firmly in place, use filler to finish filling the hole.
For older surfaces in reasonable condition you may be able to use the old paint as an undercoat. Look for mould in old paint especially in bathrooms, toilets and kitchens and treat that with an anti-mould preparation.
Remember to double check in the corners of bathrooms, toilets and kitchens – steam and water collecting near these wall junctions can cause the paint to become weaker and more prone to flaking.
Paint the ceiling first – Use a brush to paint cornices, around light fittings or ceiling roses making sure you get into all the nooks and crannies. Paint the edges of the ceiling with a brush starting in one corner and working around. Paint enough of the ceiling to cover the area you can’t paint with the roller and a little bit of the wall which you will neaten up when you paint the walls. Then paint the main part of the ceiling using your roller. Start from one corner and work your way across the room to the other side. Finish off by rolling the whole area smooth to remove any build up of paint.High ceilings can make a room look bigger. If you paint the ceiling a darker colour than the walls, it will help make the room feel cosier.
Next, the walls – Start with the edges. It’s best to use an edging tool for this it’s much easier and gives you a straight line. Paint the ceiling corner, the skirting edge and around the windows and doors. A brush is best for around light switches. With your roller, paint an X about a metre wide. Then fill in the triangles – rolling up and down until you get a smooth covering. A light roll at the edges of each section over the painted areas around the doors, windows and other features helps feather the edges – and makes a smooth finish across the entire surface. Finish off by rolling smoothly. Once you’ve put on the first coat, wait for it to dry. In most cases that’ll be 2-4 hours. Then give the entire room another coat following the same steps. This ensures a good smooth colour.
Finishing – Clean brushes and rollers using turpentine for solvent based paints and clean water for acrylic paints. For brushes, work the bristles in the water or solvent until all the paint has been flushed out. For rollers, flush the paint out under running water for water-based paint or, for solvent-based enamels, work turpentine through the nap. Then wash in warm soapy water and rinse well. Hang your brushes to dry, this gives you a good smooth edge for next time. Hang your roller, or rest them on their ends – this ensures you don’t end up with a flat spot.
All information and tips in this publication are of a general nature only and Jovialfloor does not warrant the accuracy or completeness of the information and tips in this publication. This publication is not intended to be a substitute for expert advice.Jovialfloor advises you to always consult an experienced and qualified person when undertaking jobs of this kind (including consulting a qualified tradesperson such as an electrician or plumber where relevant expert services are required). You should also consider any safety precautions that may be necessary when undertaking the work described in this publication (including wearing any necessary safety equipment such as safety glasses, goggles or ear protectors or hard hats). The information and tips in this publication are provided on the basis that Jovialfloor excludes all liability for any loss or damage which is suffered or incurred (including, but not limited to, indirect and consequential loss or damage and whether or not such loss or damage could have been foreseen) for any personal injury or damage to property whatsoever resulting from the use of the information and tips in this publication. Jovialfloor also notes that there may be laws, regulations or by-laws with which you must comply when undertaking the work described in this publication. You should obtain all necessary permissions and permits from council and/or any other relevant statutory body or authority before carrying out any work.